The bill gives the government new powers in several areas, including Northern Ireland, to amend Brexit-related laws through secondary laws, rather than having the potential to reduce parliamentary scrutiny. The promise that the government`s position in the negotiations on future relations will be consistent with the political declaration attached to the withdrawal agreement. MEPs debated key areas of the law at second reading on Monday (January 13th). Among the participants were the opposition spokesman for leaving the EU and the president of the Liberal Democrats in the Lords. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.  The Declaration on The Future Relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as the Political Declaration, is a non-binding declaration that was negotiated and signed at the same time as the UK`s (UK) compulsory withdrawal agreement from the European Union (EU), commonly known as Brexit, and the planned end of the transition period. The most important elements of the draft agreement are: The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially titled the United Kingdom`s withdrawal agreement from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, is a Brexit withdrawal agreement, officially titled the United Kingdom`s withdrawal agreement from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. Treaty between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (United Kingdom), signed on 1 January 2020, setting out the conditions for the UK`s withdrawal from the EU and Euratom. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019 and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The previous version of the withdrawal agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union.
The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: The withdrawal agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the conditions for the UK`s orderly withdrawal from the EU, in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. Clause 31, which must provide for Parliament`s approval of negotiations on future relations in the October act, has disappeared. Under the old bill, the House of Commons should have approved the government`s negotiating objectives in the next phase of the talks. The parliamentary approval process for future relations agreements, which will be negotiated with the EU at a later date, has also disappeared.