Be Aware Bonn Agreement

The Agreement aims to promote active cooperation and mutual assistance between coastal States and the European Union in combating pollution of the North Sea by oil and other pollutants, in order to protect the marine environment and the interests of coastal States. To this end, the Agreement provides for the Parties to implement monitoring as a tool for detecting and combating pollution and preventing infringements of pollution control rules. The North Sea is divided into different areas where responsibility for monitoring and assessing incidents is entrusted to the Contracting Parties. Contracting Parties shall inform any other Party concerned that they are aware of the presence of oil or other pollutants which may constitute a serious threat to the coastline or related interests of another Contracting Party. The Parties may request assistance in combating pollution at sea or on their coasts; In such a case, the parties invited to assist shall be required to do everything in their power to obtain all possible assistance to provide the assistance in their power. In accordance with Article 218(6) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), `the Council, on a proposal from the negotiator, shall adopt a decision on the conclusion of the Agreement`. In addition, that article also provides that, except in cases where the agreements relate exclusively to the common foreign and security policy, the Council is to adopt the decision to conclude the agreement after consent of the European Parliament, where the agreements concern areas falling within either the ordinary legislative procedure or the special legislative procedure, where the consent of the European Parliament is required. The Bonn Agreement (formally the agreement of provisional arrangements in Afghanistan until the re-establishment of permanent governmental institutions) was the first set of agreements adopted on 5 December 2001 to rebuild the Afghan State following the US invasion of Afghanistan in response to the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001. Since there had been no nationally agreed government in Afghanistan since 1979, it was considered necessary to have a transitional period before the establishment of a permanent Government. A nationally agreed Government would require the convening of at least one loya jirga; However, in the absence of law and order after the rapid victory of the North American and Afghan Alliance forces, immediate action was deemed necessary. Belgium is one of the ten signatories of the cooperation agreement “for the prevention and control of pollution of the North Sea by hydrocarbons and other pollutants” (Bonn Agreement, 1983). The signatories are the nine North Sea coast states of Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom, as well as the European Union. The Bonn Agreement covers the North Sea agglomeration and is the mechanism with which the ten parties can cooperate to combat accidental maritime pollution from sea carables and chronic pollution caused by ships and offshore installations.

After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, the Bonn Agreement laid the foundation for state reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan supported by the United States and NATO. The agreement aimed to create a new constitution, an independent judiciary, free and fair elections, a centralized security sector, and the protection of the rights of women and minorities, including religious and ethnic groups. . . .