This conference takes the form of regular and frequent meetings between The British and Irish ministers to promote cooperation between the two governments at all levels. On issues not left to Northern Ireland, the Irish government can present views and proposals. All decisions of the Conference are taken by mutual agreement between the two governments and the two governments, in order to make resolute efforts to resolve the differences between them. The principle of power-sharing was introduced in the Good Friday Agreement in 1998. The proportional representation method was used to ensure that unionist (mainly Protestant) and nationalist (mainly Catholic) communities participated in government in relation to the seats they won in the new Northern Ireland Assembly. Members of the Assembly were elected by a single transferable vote. If the major parties fail to reach an agreement on power-sharing, power would return to London, a situation neither side wanted. Several groups violated the ceasefire in 1998. In January 1998, peace talks nearly failed when the Loyalists of the Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF) admitted their involvement in the murder of three Catholics and thus their violation of the ceasefire. In this admission, the UFF interrupted its campaign against the killing of Catholics.1 Talks continued and the parties reached a final agreement and signed a comprehensive peace agreement on 10 April 1998.
Throughout the year, the major paramilitary groups on both sides respected the ceasefire. A group of paramilitary dissidents, continuity IRA, detonated a bomb on 7 February 2000 at the Mahon Hotel in Irvinestown.1 Splinter groups opposing the peace agreement posed a threat to peace in Northern Ireland.2 In May-June 1999, the Commission conducted a public opinion inquiry to understand the public`s attitude towards the police in Northern Ireland. The Commission has also visited various locations, including a number of police services in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Spain and the United States. On 9 September 1999, the Independent Police Commission of Northern Ireland presented its report and made recommendations on human rights issues, accountability, police work with the community, police structure, size of police service, composition of the police service and other issues. The Commission made 175 recommendations.1 Trade union political reactions to the report and its recommendations have not been positive.2″Police Labour Commission for Northern Ireland,” BBC News, seen on 29 January 2013, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/policing/commissi… It is essential that the agreement obliges the parties to adopt democratic and peaceful methods to resolve political issues, to use their influence to end paramilitary groups and to normalise security measures in Northern Ireland.